IOM’s Disengagement, Disassociation, Reintegration and Reconciliation (DDRR) programme is a key component of IOM’s peacebuilding and stabilization portfolio that aims to contribute to peace and improved security in Somalia by building the capacity of government, civil society, conflict affected communities and youth to address the social, economic, and political drivers that fuel violent extremism. 

Most notably, IOM provides extensive support to the Federal Government of Somalia to implement its National Programme for the Treatment and Handling of Disengaged Combatants, which aims to establish a safe pathway for low-risk combatants and associated women to disengage from non-state armed groups and sustainably reintegrate into communities and become productive citizens.  


Transitional Rehabilitation

As part of IOM’s support to the government to respond to the needs of women and men who disengage from non-state armed groups, IOM provides holistic support to disengaged persons throughout transitional rehabilitation process. In addition to providing protection, food, non-food items, and accommodation, IOM provides disengaged persons with access to:  

  • Individualised Case Management 
  • Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) 
  • Religious Counselling and Civic Education 
  • Medical and GBV Services  
  • Basic Education - Grades 1-3 of the Somali National Curriculum 
  • Livelihoods Coursework – TVET, Financial Literacy and Business Development
  • Access to banking/microfinance, and Conditional Cash Grants  

Community-based Reintegration and Social Cohesion

To strengthen the continuum of care for disengaged persons following transitional rehabilitation, IOM partners with grassroots civil society organizations to address complex issues surrounding reintegration, prevent recidivism, and promote community ownership and acceptance.  

For up to six months, IOM provides disengaged men and women with individualized livelihoods focused case management, a social protection allowance, access to safe spaces for structured and unstructured activities, religious counselling, and mentorship from reintegrated former disengaged persons.  

IOM also brings together diverse stakeholders such as government, community members, and disengaged persons through a variety of outreach, social, and cultural social cohesion activities. Through art-based approaches grounded in Somalia’s rich oral culture, IOM promotes community dialogue, information exchange, and traditional dispute resolution mechanisms to promote community resilience, acceptance, and reconciliation.